AKTU B.Tech 1st year syllabus is common for all the 5 branches  EE (EN,EC), CS, CE, ME. Students can downlad syllabus. On this page, you will find a detailed discussion on the B.Tech 1st Year Syllabus all branches including EE/EC/CS/CE/ME for semester 1 and semester 2 both.

B.Tech 1st Year Syllabus ENGINEERING PHYSICS

UNIT I

Relativistic Mechanics: Frame of reference, Inertial & non-inertial frames,Galilean transformations, Michelson- Morley experiment, Postulates of special theory of relativity, Lorentz transformations, Length contraction, Time dilation, Velocity addition theorem, Variation of mass with velocity, Einstein‟s mass energy relation, Relativistic relation between energy and
momentum, Massless particle.

Unit II

Electromagnetic Field Theory: Continuity equation for current density, Displacement current, Modifying equation for the curl of magnetic field to satisfy continuity equation, Maxwell‟s equations in vacuum and in non conducting medium, Energy in an electromagnetic field, Poynting vector and Poynting theorem, Plane electromagnetic waves in vacuum and their transverse nature. Relation between electric and magnetic fields of an electromagnetic wave, Energy and momentum carried by electromagnetic waves, Resultant pressure, Skin depth.

Unit III

Quantum Mechanics: Black body radiation, Stefan‟s law, Wien‟s law, Rayleigh-Jeans law and Planck‟s law, Wave particle duality, Matter waves, Time-dependent and time-independent Schrodinger wave equation, Born interpretation of wave function, Solution to stationary state Schrodinger wave equation for one-Dimensional particle in a box, Compton effect.

Unit IV

Wave Optics: Coherent sources, Interference in uniform and wedge shaped thin films, Necessity of extended sources, Newton’s Rings and its applications. Fraunhoffer diffraction at single slit and at double slit, absent spectra, Diffraction grating, Spectra with grating, Dispersive power, Resolving power of grating, Rayleigh‟s criterion of resolution, Resolving power of grating.

Unit V

Fibre Optics & Laser: Optics: Introduction to fibre optics, Acceptance angle, Numerical aperture, Normalized frequency, Classification of fibre, Attenuation and Dispersion in optical fibres. Laser: Absorption of radiation, Spontaneous and stimulated emission of radiation, Einstein‟s coefficients, Population inversion, Various levels of Laser, Ruby Laser, He-Ne Laser, Laser applications.

B.Tech 1st Year Syllabus ENGINEERRING CHEMISTRY

UNIT I

Atomic and Molecular Structure: Molecular orbital’s of diatomic molecules. Band theory of solids. Liquid crystal and its applications. Point defects in solids. Structure and applications of Graphite and Fullerenes. Concepts of Nano-materials and its application.

Unit II

Spectroscopic techniques and Applications: Elementary idea and simple applications of Rotational, Vibrational, Ultraviolet& Visible and Raman spectroscopy.

Unit III

Electrochemistry: Nernst Equation and application, relation of EMF with thermodynamic functions (∆H, ∆F and ∆ S). Lead storage battery.
Corrosion: causes, effects and its prevention.
Phase Rule and its application to water system

Unit IV

Water Analysis: Hardness of water, Techniques for water softening (Limesoda, Zeolite, Ion exchange resin and Reverse osmosis method).
Fuels: classification of fuels, Analysis of coal, Determination of calorific value (Bomb calorimeter and Dulong’s methods).

Unit V

Polymer: Basic concepts of polymer-Blend and composites, Conducting and biodegradable polymers. Preparation and application of some industrially important polymers (Buna-S, Buna-N, Neoprene, Nylon-6, nylon-6,6 and Terylene). General methods of synthesis of organo metallic compounds (Grignard reagent) and their applications.

B.Tech 1st Year Syllabus ENGINEERING MATHMATICS I

UNIT I

Matrices: Types of Matrices: Symmetric, Skew-symmetric and Orthogonal Matrices; Complex Matrices, Inverse and Rank of matrix using elementary transformations, Rank-Nullity theorem; System of linear equations, Characteristic equation, Cayley-Hamilton Theorem and its application, Eigen values and eigenvectors; Diagonalisation of a Matrix.

Unit II

Differential Calculus- I: Introduction to limits, continuity and differentiability, Rolle’s Theorem, Lagrange’s Mean value theorem and Cauchy mean value theorem, Successive Differentiation (nth order derivatives), Leibnitz theorem and its application, Envelope of family of one and two parameter, Curve tracing: Cartesian and Polar co-ordinates.

Unit III

Differential Calculus-II: Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Euler’s Theorem for homogeneous functions, Taylor and Maclaurin’s theorems for a function of two variables, Maxima and Minima of functions of several variables, Lagrange Method of Multipliers, Jacobians, Approximation of errors

Unit IV

Multivariable Calculus-I: Multiple integration: Double integral, Tripleintegral, Change of order of integration, Change of variables, Application: Areas and volumes, Center of mass and center of gravity (Constant and variable densities)

Unit V

Vector Calculus: Vector identities (without proof), Vector differentiation: Gradient, Curl and Divergence and their Physical interpretation, Directional derivatives. Vector Integration: Line integral, Surface integral, Volume integral, Gauss’s Divergence theorem, Green’s theorem and Stoke’s theorem (without proof) and their applications

B.Tech 1st Year Syllabus ENGINEERING MATHMATICS II

UNIT I

Ordinary Differential Equation of Higher Order: Linear differential equation of nth order with constant coefficients, Simultaneous linear differential equations, Second order linear differential equations with variable coefficients, Solution by changing independent variable, Reduction of order, Normal form, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy-Euler equation.

Unit II

Multivariable Calculus-II: Introduction of Improper integrals, Beta & Gama function and their properties, Dirichlet’s integral and its applications, Application of definite integrals to evaluate surface areas and volume of revolutions.

Unit III

Sequences and Series: Definition of Sequence and series with examples, Convergence of sequence and series, Tests for convergence of series, (Ratio test, D’ Alembert’s test, Raabe’s test). Fourier series, Half range Fourier sine and cosine series.

Unit IV

Complex Variable–Differentiation: Limit, Continuity and differentiability, Functions of complex variable, Analytic functions, Cauchy- Riemann equations (Cartesian and Polar form), Harmonic function, Method to find Analytic func

Unit V

Complex Variable –Integration: Complex integrals, Contour integrals, Cauchy- Integral theorem, Cauchy integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series (without proof), Singularities, Classification of Singularities, zeros of analytic functions, Residues, Methods of finding residues, Cauchy Residue theorem, Evaluation of real integrals.

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

UNIT I

DC Circuits : Electrical circuit elements (R, L and C), Concept of active and passive elements, voltage and current sources, concept of linearity and linear network, unilateral and bilateral elements, Kirchhoff‟s laws, Loop and nodal methods of analysis, Star-delta transformation, Superposition theorem, Thevenin theorem, Norton theorem.

Unit II

Steady- State Analysis of Single Phase AC Circuits: Representation of Sinusoidal waveforms – Average and effective values, Form and peak factors, Concept of phasors, phasor representation of sinusoidal varying voltage and current. Analysis of single phase AC Circuits consisting of R, L, C, RL, RC, RLC combinations (Series and Parallel), Apparent, active & reactive power, Power factor, power factor improvement. Concept of Resonance in series & parallel circuits, bandwidth and quality factor. Three phase balanced circuits, voltage and current relations in star and delta connections.

Unit III

Transformers: Magnetic materials, BH characteristics, ideal and practical transformer, equivalent circuit, losses in transformers, regulation and efficiency. Auto-transformer and three-phase transformer connections.

Unit IV

Electrical machines: DC machines: Principle & Construction, Types,EMF equation of generator and torque equation of motor, applications of DC motors (simple numerical problems)
Three Phase Induction Motor: Principle & Construction, Types, Sliptorque characteristics, Applications (Numerical problems related to slip only)
Single Phase Induction motor: Principle of operation and introduction to methods of starting, applications.
Three Phase Synchronous Machines: Principle of operation of alternator and synchronous motor and their applications.

Unit V

Electrical Installations: Components of LT Switchgear: Switch Fuse Unit (SFU), MCB, ELCB, MCCB, Types of Wires and Cables, Importance of earthing. Types of Batteries, Important characteristics for Batteries. Elementary calculations for energy consumption and savings, battery backup.

PROGRAMMING FOR PROBLEM SOLVING

UNIT I

Introduction to Programming: Introduction to components of a
computer system: Memory, processor, I/O Devices, storage, operating system, Concept of assembler, compiler, interpreter, loader and linker.
Idea of Algorithm: Representation of Algorithm, Flowchart, Pseudo code with examples, From algorithms to programs, source code.
Programming Basics: Structure of C program: writing and executing the first C program, Syntax and logical errors in compilation, object and executable code. Components of C language: Standard I/O in C, Fundamental data types, Variables and memory locations, Storage classes.

Unit II

Arithmetic expressions & Conditional Branching: Arithmetic
expressions and precedence: Operators and expression using numeric and relational operators, mixed operands, type conversion, logical operators, bit operations, assignment operator, operator precedence and associatively.
Conditional Branching: Applying if and switch statements, nesting if and else, use of break and default with switch.

Unit III

Loops & Functions: Iteration and loops: use of while, do while and for loops, multiple loop variables, use of break and continue statements.
Functions: Introduction, types of functions, functions with array, passing parameters to functions, call by value, call by reference, recursive functions.

Unit IV

Arrays & Basic Algorithms: Arrays: Array notation and representation, manipulating array elements, using multi dimensional
arrays. Character arrays and strings, Structure, union, enumerated data types, Array of structures, Passing arrays to functions.
Basic Algorithms: Searching &Basic Sorting Algorithms (Bubble, Insertion and Selection), Finding roots of equations, Notion of order of complexity.

Unit V

Pointer& File Handling: Pointers: Introduction, declaration, applications, Introduction to dynamic memory allocation (malloc,
calloc, realloc, free), Use of pointers in self-referential structures, notion of linked list (no implementation)
File handling: File I/O functions, Standard C preprocessors, defining and calling macros, command-line arguments.

EMERGING DOMAIN IN ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

UNIT I

Semiconductor Diode: Depletion layer, V-I characteristics, ideal and practical Diodes, Diode Equivalent Circuits, Zener Diodes breakdown mechanism (Zener and avalanche)
Diode Application: Diode Configuration, Half and Full Wave rectification, Clippers, Clampers, Zener diode as shunt regulator, Voltage-Multiplier Circuits
Special Purpose two terminal Devices: Light-Emitting Diodes, Photo Diodes, Varactor Diodes, Tunnel Diodes, Liquid-Crystal Displays.

Unit II

Bipolar Junction Transistor: Transistor Construction, Operation, Amplification action. Common Base, Common Emitter, Common Collector Configuration
Field Effect Transistor: Construction and Characteristic of JFETs. Transfer Characteristic. MOSFET (MOS) (Depletion and Enhancement) Type, Transfer Characteristic.

Unit III

Operational Amplifiers: Introduction, Op-Amp Basic, Practical Op-Amp Circuits (Inverting Amplifier, Non-inverting Amplifier, Unit Follower, Summing Amplifier, Integrator, Differentiator).Differential and Common-Mode Operation, Comparators.
Introduction of IoT System: Components of IoT system: Microprocessor and Microcontroller, Bluetooth Technology, Wi-Fi Technology, Concept of Networking, Sensor Nodes, concept of cloud

Unit IV

Digital Electronics: Number system & representation. Introduction of Basic and Universal Gates, using Boolean algebra simplification of Boolean function. K Map Minimization upto 6 Variable.
Introduction To IC Technology: SSI, MSI, LSI, VLSI Integrated Circuits.

Unit V

Fundamentals of Communication Engineering: Basics of signal representation and analysis, Electromagnetic spectrum Elements of a Communication System, Need of modulation and typical applications, Fundamentals of amplitude modulation and demodulation techniques.
Introduction to Data Communications: Goals and applications of Networks.
General Model of Wireless Communication: Evolution of mobile radio communication fundamentals, GPRS, GSM, CDMA. Elements of Satellite & Radar Communication,

FUNDAMENTAL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND MECHATRONICS

UNIT I

Introduction to Mechanics of Solid: Normal and shear Stress, strain, Hookes’ law, Poisson’s ratio, elastic constants and their relationship, stress-strain diagram for ductile and brittle materials, factor of safety. Basic Numerical problems. Types of beams under various loads, Statically Determinate Beams, Shear force and bending moment in beams, Shear force and bending moment diagrams, Relationships between load, shear and bending moment. Basic Numerical problems.

Unit II

Introduction to IC Engines and RAC:
IC Engine: Basic Components, Construction and Working of Two stroke and four stroke SI & CI engine, merits and demerits, scavenging process; Introduction to electric, and hybrid electric vehicles.
Refrigeration: Its meaning and application, unit of refrigeration; Coefficient of performance, methods of refrigeration, construction and working of domestic refrigerator, concept of heat pump. Formula based numerical problems on cooling load.
Air-Conditioning: Its meaning and application, humidity, dry bulb, wet bulb, and dew point temperatures, comfort conditions, construction and working of window air conditioner

Unit III

Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Applications:
Introduction: Fluids properties, pressure, density, dynamic and kinematic viscosity, specific gravity, Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluid, Pascal’s Law, Continuity Equation, Bernaulli’s Equation and its applications, Basic Numerical problems. Working principles of hydraulic turbines & pumps and their classifications, hydraulic accumulators, hydraulic lift and their applications

Unit IV

Measurements and Control System: Concept of Measurement, Error in measurements, Calibration, measurements of pressure, temperature, mass flow rate, strain, force and torques; Concept of accuracy, precision and resolution, Basic Numerical problems. System of Geometric Limit, Fit, Tolerance and gauges, Basic Numerical problems.
Control System Concepts: Introduction to Control Systems, Elements of control system, Basic of open and closed loop control with example.

Unit V

Introduction to Mechatronics: Evolution, Scope, Advantages and disadvantages of Mechatronics, Industrial applications of Mechatronics, Introduction to autotronics, bionics, and avionics and their applications.
Sensors and Transducers: Types of sensors, types of transducers and their characteristics.
Overview of Mechanical Actuation System – Kinematic Chains, Cam, Train Ratchet Mechanism, Gears and its type, Belt, Bearing,
Hydraulic and Pneumatic Actuation Systems: Overview: Pressure Control Valves, Cylinders, Direction Control Valves, Rotary Actuators, Accumulators, Amplifiers, and Pneumatic Sequencing Problems.

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